The Resource Water resources : four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects : report to the Honorable Gordon Smith, U.S. Senate

Water resources : four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects : report to the Honorable Gordon Smith, U.S. Senate

Label
Water resources : four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects : report to the Honorable Gordon Smith, U.S. Senate
Title
Water resources
Title remainder
four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects : report to the Honorable Gordon Smith, U.S. Senate
Title variation
Four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Rural areas generally lack adequate funds for constructing and upgrading water supply and wastewater treatment facilities. As a result, they typically rely on federal grants and loans, primarily from the Rural Utilities Service (RUS), Economic Development Administration (EDA), Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), to fund these projects. Concern has been raised about potential overlap between the projects these agencies fund. For fiscal years 2004 through 2006 GAO determined the (1) amount of funding these agencies obligated for rural water projects and (2) extent to which each agency's eligibility criteria and the projects they fund differed. GAO analyzed each agency's financial data and reviewed applicable statutes, regulations, and policies.From fiscal years 2004 through 2006, RUS, EDA, Reclamation, and the Corps obligated nearly $4.7 billion to about 3,100 rural water supply and wastewater projects. RUS obligated the majority of these funds--about $4.2 billion--to about 2,800 projects. Of this $4.2 billion, RUS loans accounted for about $2.7 billion, and RUS grants accounted for about $1.5 billion. EDA, Reclamation, and the Corps, combined, obligated a total of about $500 million in grants to rural communities for about 300 water projects. RUS, EDA, Reclamation, and the Corps fund similar rural water supply and wastewater projects, but they have varied eligibility criteria that limit funding to certain communities based on population size, economic need, or geographic location. RUS, EDA, and the Corps provide funding for both water supply and wastewater projects, while Reclamation provides funding only for water supply projects. Eligible water projects can include constructing or upgrading distribution lines, treatment plants, and pumping stations. RUS and EDA have formal nationwide programs with standardized eligibility criteria and processes under which communities compete for funding. In contrast, Reclamation and the Corps fund water projects in defined geographic locations under explicit congressional authorizations. In 2006 the Congress passed the Rural Water Supply Act, directing Reclamation to develop a rural water supply program with standard eligibility criteria. The Corps continues to fund rural water supply and wastewater projects under specific congressional authorizations, many of which are pilot programs. The Congress required the Corps to evaluate the effectiveness of these various pilot programs and recommend whether they should be implemented on a national basis. The Corps has only completed some of the required evaluations and, in most cases, has not made the recommendations that the Congress requested about whether or not the projects carried out under these pilot programs should be implemented on a national basis
Cataloging source
EJB
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/organizationName
United States
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Smith, Gordon
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Water quality management
  • Water resources development
  • Water-supply, Rural
Label
Water resources : four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects : report to the Honorable Gordon Smith, U.S. Senate
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title from title screen (viewed on Sept. 10, 2007)
  • "September 2007."
  • Paper version available from: U.S. Govt. Accountability Office, 441 G St., NW, Rm. LM, Washington, D.C. 20548
  • "GAO-07-1094."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
iii, 36 pages
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
digital, PDF file
Specific material designation
remote
System details
Mode of access: Internet from GPO Access web site. Address as of 09/10/07: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=gao&docid=f:d071094.pdf ; current access available via PURL
Label
Water resources : four federal agencies provide funding for rural water supply and wastewater projects : report to the Honorable Gordon Smith, U.S. Senate
Publication
Note
  • Title from title screen (viewed on Sept. 10, 2007)
  • "September 2007."
  • Paper version available from: U.S. Govt. Accountability Office, 441 G St., NW, Rm. LM, Washington, D.C. 20548
  • "GAO-07-1094."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
iii, 36 pages
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
digital, PDF file
Specific material designation
remote
System details
Mode of access: Internet from GPO Access web site. Address as of 09/10/07: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=gao&docid=f:d071094.pdf ; current access available via PURL

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