Coverart for item
The Resource Paying for the past : the case against prior record sentence enhancements, Richard S. Frase and Julian V. Roberts

Paying for the past : the case against prior record sentence enhancements, Richard S. Frase and Julian V. Roberts

Label
Paying for the past : the case against prior record sentence enhancements
Title
Paying for the past
Title remainder
the case against prior record sentence enhancements
Statement of responsibility
Richard S. Frase and Julian V. Roberts
Creator
Contributor
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Virtually all modern sentencing systems consider the offender's prior record to be an important determinant of the form and severity of punishment, often carrying more weight than the crime being sentenced. Repeat offenders "pay for their past," even though they have already been punished for their prior crimes. And the majority of sentenced offenders have at least one prior conviction. This topic thus lies at the heart of the sentencing process; every well-designed sentencing scheme needs to have a carefully conceived approach to the use of prior convictions. But the vast literature on sentencing policy, law, and practice has generally overlooked this issue. Moreover, the apparent justifications for prior record enhancement-the repeat offender's assumed greater culpability and risk of re-offending-are uncertain, and have rarely been subjected to critical appraisal. Nor has sufficient attention been paid to the substantial negative consequences of such enhancements, which: increase the size and expense of prison populations; impose penalties disproportionate to offense severity; fill prisons with nonviolent and aging, lower-risk offenders; increase racial disproportionality in prison populations; and undermine offenders' efforts to reintegrate into society. This book focuses on prior record enhancements under sentencing guidelines systems in the United States because sentencing rules operate more transparently in those systems. But the policy implications are much broader. Similar enhancements are informally applied, with substantial impacts, when judges sentence without guidelines. And most jurisdictions have statutes (three-strikes and career-offender laws; higher penalties for second and subsequent violations) that impose much more severe penalties on repeat offenders
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Frase, Richard S
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Roberts, Julian V.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Sentences (Criminal procedure)
  • Recidivists
  • Proportionality in law
  • Recidivists
  • Sentences (Criminal procedure)
  • United States
Label
Paying for the past : the case against prior record sentence enhancements, Richard S. Frase and Julian V. Roberts
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 269-289) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction: Prior record sentencing enhancements in context -- Retributive perspectives on an offender's criminal or crime-free past -- Prior record and the risk of recidivism -- What other factors indicate high or low recidivism risk? -- Are record-based enhancements a cost-effective and fair way to reduce crime? -- The effects of prior convictions on sentence severity / co-author Rhys Hester -- Adverse impacts on offense-based proportionality and prison-use priorities / co-author Rhys Hester -- Disproportionate impacts on minority offenders / co-author Rhys Hester -- Impacts of criminal history enhancements on prison bed needs and costs / co-author Rhys Hester -- The long arm of the law : look-back provisions -- Problematic components found in many criminal history formulas -- The model regime -- Appendix A. Representative criminal history provisions in U.S. guidelines -- Appendix B. Representative provisions from other common law systems -- Appendix C. Some offender groups that may require special treatment
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xiv, 315 pages
Isbn
9780190254001
Lccn
2018058212
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Note
GOBI Library Solutions from EBSCO
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1081339180
Label
Paying for the past : the case against prior record sentence enhancements, Richard S. Frase and Julian V. Roberts
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 269-289) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction: Prior record sentencing enhancements in context -- Retributive perspectives on an offender's criminal or crime-free past -- Prior record and the risk of recidivism -- What other factors indicate high or low recidivism risk? -- Are record-based enhancements a cost-effective and fair way to reduce crime? -- The effects of prior convictions on sentence severity / co-author Rhys Hester -- Adverse impacts on offense-based proportionality and prison-use priorities / co-author Rhys Hester -- Disproportionate impacts on minority offenders / co-author Rhys Hester -- Impacts of criminal history enhancements on prison bed needs and costs / co-author Rhys Hester -- The long arm of the law : look-back provisions -- Problematic components found in many criminal history formulas -- The model regime -- Appendix A. Representative criminal history provisions in U.S. guidelines -- Appendix B. Representative provisions from other common law systems -- Appendix C. Some offender groups that may require special treatment
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xiv, 315 pages
Isbn
9780190254001
Lccn
2018058212
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Note
GOBI Library Solutions from EBSCO
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1081339180

Library Locations

    • Biddle Law LibraryBorrow it
      3400 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104, US
      39.954941 -75.193362
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