The Resource EPA science : new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals : testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, statement of John B. Stephenson

EPA science : new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals : testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, statement of John B. Stephenson

Label
EPA science : new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals : testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives
Title
EPA science
Title remainder
new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals : testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives
Statement of responsibility
statement of John B. Stephenson
Title variation
  • Environmental Protection Agency science
  • New assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals
Title variation remainder
new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of Environmental Protection Agency's assessments of toxic chemicals
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In March 2008, GAO concluded that the IRIS database was at serious risk of becoming obsolete because EPA had not been able to complete timely, credible assessments or decrease its backlog of 70 ongoing assessments--a total of 4 were completed in fiscal years 2006 and 2007. In addition, assessment process changes EPA had recently made, as well as other changes EPA was considering at the time of GAO's review, would further reduce the credibility and timeliness of IRIS assessments. We concluded the following: EPA's efforts to finalize assessments have been thwarted by a combination of factors, including two new OMB-required reviews of IRIS assessments by OMB and other federal agencies and by EPA management decisions, such as delaying some assessments to await new research. The two new OMB/interagency reviews of draft assessments involve other federal agencies in EPA's IRIS assessment process in a manner that limits the credibility of IRIS assessments and hinders EPA's ability to manage them. For example, the OMB/interagency reviews lack transparency, and OMB required EPA to terminate five assessments EPA had initiated to help it implement the Clean Air Act. The changes to the IRIS assessment process that EPA was considering, but had not yet issued at the time of our review, would have added to the already unacceptable level of delays in completing IRIS assessments and further limited the credibility of the assessments. EPA issued its revised IRIS assessment process in April 2008. The new process is largely the same as the draft GAO evaluated and does not respond to the recommendations in GAO's March 2008 report. Moreover, some key changes are likely to further exacerbate the productivity and credibility concerns GAO identified. For example, while the draft process would have made comments from other federal agencies on IRIS assessments part of the public record, EPA's new process defines such comments as "deliberative" and excludes them from the public record. GAO continues to believe that it is critical that input from all parties--particularly agencies that may be affected by the outcome of IRIS assessments--be publicly available. In addition, the estimated time frames under the new process, especially for chemicals of key concern, will likely perpetuate the cycle of delays to which the majority of ongoing assessments have been subject. Instead of streamlining the process, as GAO recommended, EPA has institutionalized a process that from the outset is estimated to take 6 to 8 years. This is problematic because of the substantial rework such cases often require to take into account changing science and methodologies. EPA's progress in completing assessments continues to be slow--only four assessments have been completed in fiscal year 2008. Further, these assessments cover a group of four related chemicals that were processed and peer reviewed together but finalized individually. Little or no progress has been made on assessments of chemicals highlighted in our report, including naphthalene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene (TCE)
Member of
Cataloging source
EJB
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Stephenson, John B
Government publication
federal national government publication
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • United States
  • United States
Series statement
Testimony
Series volume
GAO-08-1168 T
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • United States
  • Chemicals
  • Environmental health
Label
EPA science : new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals : testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, statement of John B. Stephenson
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title from title screen (viewed on Sept. 19, 2008)
  • "For release on delivery ... September 18, 2008."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
32 pages
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
Specific material designation
remote
System details
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web from GAO web site. Address as of 9/19/08: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d081168t.pdf ; current access available via PURL
Label
EPA science : new assessment process further limits the credibility and timeliness of EPA's assessments of toxic chemicals : testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, statement of John B. Stephenson
Publication
Note
  • Title from title screen (viewed on Sept. 19, 2008)
  • "For release on delivery ... September 18, 2008."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
32 pages
Form of item
electronic
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
Specific material designation
remote
System details
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web from GAO web site. Address as of 9/19/08: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d081168t.pdf ; current access available via PURL

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